New latrines, water systems mean improved health in DR Congo

A partnership between MCC and a Mennonite Brethren church provides new latrines and water catchment systems that improve health for people living in poverty in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The new enclosed toilets with doors at the Institute Katuze Secondary School in Mosho III village in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo offer privacy and security for girls, increasing their attendance at school. The new toilets replace open holes in the ground covered with wood. MCC photo/Matthew Lester

May 4 — This article has been updated to correct several misspelled names. 

The six new boys’ toilets and the six new girls’ toilets at Institute Katuze Secondary School are so much better than the two old pit toilets that they used to use, students say.

Wearing their blue and white uniforms, several students gather near the new handwashing station and the latrines at their school in the village of Mosho II in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in February.

“The toilets before were in poor condition,” says Ariette Buhoro Muderhwa, who is in 12th grade. “It was difficult to keep them clean. Because of the way they were built, you could easily fall in. They were not covered, just open.”

She’s talking about holes dug in the ground, each between 3- and 9-feet deep with planks of wood laid across them. An opening was cut in the middle to make a wooden squatting toilet, explains principal Pascal Birhahwa Muhindo.

Open to the environment, the toilets had no walls or roof.

“When it was raining, the wood would move and there was a possibility of someone falling in the hole,” Muhindo explains.

Sometimes the rotting wood would break under the weight of the person using the toilet.
Falling in wasn’t the only problem. Toilets overflowed when it rained a lot, and worms congregated, infecting children through their feet. Snakes, too, surprised people using the toilets, slithering in from the nearby grass.

“And when people were passing by, they could see someone on the toilet,” says tenth grader Emmanuel Muhasha Bisimwa, “so there was no privacy.”

And there was no place to wash hands before going back to school.

All these problems and more have been eliminated at the school with the construction of new latrines and a new rainwater catchment system that provide water for cleaning hands and toilets.

Each new pit toilet is dug deeper—21 to 24 feet deep—and covered with a 6-inch concrete base and a porcelain squatting toilet that can be sanitized. The toilets are enclosed in a small building with walls, a door and a roof.

Citosamgani Bulambo, first-grade student, washes his hands with water collected from the rooftop catchment system at Primary School Mosho III in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. All children are taught to wash their hands immediately after using the toilet. MCC photo/Matthew Lester

Not only does the secondary school benefit, but so did the neighboring primary school, a Mennonite Brethren church plant and 80 households in Mosho II and Mosho III villages. Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) provided the resources through its partner, 4ème Communauté des Eglises de Frères Mennonites au Congo (4th CEFMC; Fourth Mennonite Brethren Church of Congo).

Attendance of high school girls has increased since the new toilets were built, says Principal Muhindo, who acknowledges that girls commonly are marginalized in the community and are too often exposed to sexual violence.

“Having toilets to protect them actually invites girls to come to this school,” Muhindo says.
The toilets and water for washing hands also offer protection from illness, including cholera, typhoid fever, intestinal illnesses and malaria.

“This type of basic infrastructure for safe handwashing and waste disposal is also essential for preventing the spread of new infectious diseases like COVID-19, which is now spreading rapidly in DR Congo,” says Paul Shetler Fast, MCC’s health coordinator.

Cholera has been a problem in the Mosho villages, where flies spread diseases from the toilets, sewage from overflowing toilets contaminates water used for drinking and handwashing was not common. Open toilets are breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which can carry malaria.

Evangelists from 4th CEFMC, who were planting a church in Mosho, realized something needed to be done as they witnessed children dying from cholera and when two teenage girls drowned in Lake Kivu, where they went to collect water.

So in 2017, the church, with MCC’s support, began to build latrines and rainwater catchment systems and to offer hygiene training to improve the health of the community.

Floride Murhimanya Mnkwale hangs laundry that was washed with water collected by her rooftop catchment system. No longer able to walk to the stream to collect water, she is able to take care of her household chores more easily with the MCC-supported water system in her house in the village of Mosho III, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. MCC photo/Matthew Lester

The most vulnerable families were chosen to receive these resources. Jacques Safari Lukwebo and Floride Murhimanya M’nkwale, a married couple who are elderly and have health conditions that limit their mobility, were among those selected.

The water that falls on their rooftop during the rainy season now drains into a large rain barrel inside their house, making it much easier for M’nkwale to cook and to wash her clothes, dishes and hands than it used to be.

She can no longer walk to the spring, wait in long lines and carry a 5-gallon jerrycan full of water to her house. Now she uses the water to wash their clothes, to do the dishes and to clean her house and new latrine. She boils the water for drinking.

“The water in the house helps me a lot,” M’nkwale says. “My neighbors who don’t have any, I share with them. I can’t have the heart of keeping the water to myself.”

The rainwater doesn’t last all year, she says, so her children go to the stream during the dry season, and she shares with them during the rainy season.

Down the dirt road from the elderly couple live Benedicte Fadzili Bugogero, his three youngest sisters and his blind grandmother.

His mother died and his father disappeared eight years ago, so he is responsible for providing for his family since then. The new systems have improved his family’s health, he say.

“We suffered from malaria, fever and diarrhea,” says the 28-year-old. “Since this project, we haven’t had those diseases. We get sick but not as bad as before.”

Readily available water makes washing hands after using the toilet so much more likely, Bugogero add. People without accessible water come from the latrine without washing their hands and greet people, he say.

“I want to say thank you for the water and toilets. Today we have less disease and we feel safer, but we still have neighbors who don’t have the water, who don’t have the toilets,” Bugogero says. “They can pass on the disease to us because they don’t have the proper toilet and water, and we can still suffer.”

First-grade teacher Judite Bitondo Takisi says the new water catchment system and toilets behind her have improved students health and increased enrollment at Primary School Mosho III in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. MCC photo/Matthew Lester

When the project began, local health leaders taught teachers and village leaders the importance of clean water, good hygiene and sanitary ways of dealing with human waste.

First-grade teacher Judite Bitondo Takisi passes on that information to her students, instructing them to wash their hands after leaving the toilet “because they have to protect themselves from dirty-hands disease,” she says.

Because of the new toilets, fewer students are coming to school with swollen hands caused by worms that would enter their body through their feet at the dirty latrines, she says.

Teachers are grateful for the privacy of the latrines and the accessibility of water for their own hygiene, Takisi says. The children take turns using the water from the school’s water catchment system to clean their classrooms at the end of each day.

Cleaner schools, cleaner toilets and cleaner students increases respect among people in the community, Takisi says, and it has increased enrollment at the school.

Gratitude for the church’s project has also increased attendance at church, Pastor Jacques Pilipili says.

“We want to say thank you,” Principal Muhindo says. “Our hearts are filled with great joy because of what you have done. We have nothing to give you but prayers that God will protect you throughout life, prayers that your trees will bear more fruit.”

Linda Espenshade is the MCC U.S. news coordinator.

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